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National and State Registers of Historic Places

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County: Shawnee
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Page 10 of 12 showing 10 records of 112 total, starting on record 91
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Sumner Elementary School

Picture of property 330 Western
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 1987-05-04

National Historic Landmark, 11/6/1991

Architect: Thomas Williamson
Category: school

Sumner and Monroe elementary schools are associated with the landmark 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, and are significant in the areas of law, politics, government, and social history. In this case, student Linda Brown was refused entrance into Sumner Elementary after attempting to transfer from Monroe Elementary because she was an African American. Her father, Reverend Oliver Brown, was the principal plaintiff in the case when the suit was filed in 1951. The distance of the Monroe Elementary School from Linda Brown's home and the proximity of the Sumner Elementary School to her home was the central reason Reverend Brown agreed to be a plaintiff in the case. The US Supreme Court concluded that "separate education facilities are inherently unequal," denying legal basis for segregation in 21 states with segregated class rooms.

Thacher Building

Picture of property 110 E 8th St
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 1975-03-31

Architect: Haskell, John G.
Category: business

Thomas Arch Bridge

Picture of property Jct. Of Wanamaker Rd. and 105th St, across the Wakarusa River
Auburn (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 1990-05-10

Architect: Thomas, William M.
Category: road-related
Thematic Nomination: Masonry Arch Bridges of Kansas

Tinkham Veale Building

Picture of property 909-911 S. Kansas Ave.
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2006-01-11

Architect: Walter Glover
Category: restaurant; specialty store; multiple dwelling

Topeka Cemetery (Boundary Expansion)

Picture of property 1601 SE 10th Ave.
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2017-10-04

Architect: Unknown
Category: cemetery

The Topeka Cemetery, platted by Franklin Crane in 1859 east of the four-year-old city, is Kansas' oldest chartered cemetery and remains active today. The cemetery is locally significant as an outstanding example of a planned landscape that combines two periods of cemetery design--19th-Century rural design and a 20th-Century lawn-park landscape. The earliest portion of the cemetery features winding paths on hilly terrain, prominent memorials, markers that incorporate Victorian-era iconography and cohesive family plots with matching headstones, all elements of rural cemetery design. The later, southern, portion of the cemetery presents an orderly assemblage of large markers and paths that reflect the Classical formality made popular by the City Beautiful movement. Mausolea in both portions are styled in the Greek Revival, Classical Revival, Beaux Arts and Egyptian Revival styles. This nomination expands the boundary of the nomination for the cemetery's Mausoleum Row.

Topeka Cemetery-Mausoleum Row

Picture of property 1601 E 10th Ave
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2001-04-25

Architect: Not listed
Category: cemetery

Mausoleum Row at Topeka Cemetery consists of ten structures dating from 1887 to 1913. Also known as Hillside Mausoleums, the row of structures is set in earth on single plots along the curbed drive. The architecturally styled limestone facades of the mausolea have a commanding presence in the cemetery. They were nominated for their local significance in the area of architecture.

Topeka Council of Colored Women's Clubs Building

Picture of property 1149 SW Lincoln
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2009-12-30

Architect: Not listed
Category: vacant/not in use; single dwelling; meeting hall

The Topeka Council of Colored Women's Clubs building purchased the single-family residence at 1149 SW Lincoln in 1931 to use as a place to hold meetings and club functions. African-American women began organizing in the 1880s and 1890s, during a time of escalating discrimination and segregation. The Kansas Association of Colored Women's Clubs was founded in 1896 and chartered in 1906. In addition to taking interest in popular Victorian ideals of self-expression and morality, African-American women fought for basic Civil Rights for their entire race. Black clubwomen worked to help other black women who worked outside the home - the vast majority of whom were employed as domestics. The women's clubs worked to establish childcare and kindergartens to help working women. Located in the heart of Tennessee Town, one of Topeka's traditional African-American neighborhoods, the building is a vernacular one-and-a-half story T-plan house with applied Queen Anne details. Having been settled by Exodusters who fled the Jim Crow-South in the late 1870s, the neighborhood was traditionally occupied by a concentration of singlefamily homes on small lots. Unfortunately, many of these homes have been demolished. The property was nominated for its social history.

Topeka High School

Picture of property 800 SW 10th Ave
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2005-06-09

Architect: Williamson, Thomas W.
Category: school
Thematic Nomination: Historic Public Schools of Kansas

Topeka Veterans Administration Hospital

Picture of property 2200 SW Gage Blvd
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2019-03-07

Architect: Veterans Administration
Category: hospital

The Topeka Veterans Administration Hospital campus is almost 120-acres, located at the intersection of SW 21st Street and SW Gage Boulevard. The period of significance is the dates of construction 1955-1958. It is remarkably intact with twenty-six contributing resources. The main buildings, designated for patient treatment and care, are located in the central portion of the property while residential quarters for staff were to the northwest. These postwar hospitals are known as the third generation of veterans' hospitals, and were built in metropolitan areas where large numbers of veterans lived. The signature building is single, multistory hospital with patient wards and healthcare services clustered together. These complexes had exteriors clad in brick and streamlined architectural forms, and minimalist aesthetic.The Hospital is a virtually unaltered example of a postwar veterans' hospital built by the federal government in an initiative launched in 1946. This generation of hospitals modernized veteran healthcare through collaborative research and training for medical staff, in rehabilitative and clinical care, and in architectural expression and site layout. The Topeka VA Hospital is eligible for listing at the national level because of its exceptional integrity. It is one of the new hospitals that drew on the VA's standard plans, specifically those that reflected the most modern theories of treatment for neuropsychiatric patients. The Topeka VA Hospital became a training center for medical personnel in neuropsychiatric medicine. The integration of research, teaching, personnel, and hospital design that occurred in Topeka was the hallmark of the VA's third generation program.

Union Pacific Railroad Passenger Depot

Picture of property 701 N Kansas Ave
Topeka (Shawnee County)
Listed in National Register 2002-10-01

Architect: Underwood, Gilbert Stanley
Category: rail-related
Thematic Nomination: Historic Railroad Resources of Kansas

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