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National and State Registers of Historic Places

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County: Grant
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Page 1 of 1 showing 4 records of 4 total, starting on record 1

Grant County Courthouse District

Picture of property 108 South Glenn Street
Ulysses (Grant County)
Listed in National Register Apr 26, 2002

Architect: Smith & English (Architect) JM Fuller (Contractor)
Area of Significance: courthouse
Architectural Style(s): Art Deco
Thematic Nomination: Historic County Courthouses of Kansas

Constructed in 1930, the Grant County Courthouse replaced a wood frame structure that had been utilized since 1888. The Hutchinson architecture firm Smith and English designed the building and J. M. Fuller was contractor. The building marries classical forms with Art Deco styling with linear projections, terra-cotta ornamentation, and decorative brickwork. Two one-story annexes run perpendicular to the courthouse, contributing to the district, and continue the streamlined details introduced in the original Art Deco design. The district was nominated as part of the "Historic County courthouses of Kansas Multiple Property Submission" for its architecture and it association with the history and development of Kansas county courthouses.

Grant County Shop (Grant County Museum)

Picture of property
Ulysses (Grant County)
Listed in State Register Oct 19, 1991

Architect: WPA Project
Area of Significance: public works
Architectural Style(s): Pueblo; Moderne

Nominated for its association with the Works Progress Administration (WPA) New Deal program the Grant County Shop (Grant County Museum) was one of six WPA projects in Grant County. Originally constructed in 1937-1938 as a machine shop for the county, it is a one-story adobe block building with a parapet roofline. Utilized as a machine shop into the mid-1970s, the Grant County Historical Society obtained it in 1978 to be used as a museum.

Lower Cimarron Spring (Formerly Wagon Bed Springs)

Picture of property 12 miles south of Ulysses on US-270
Ulysses vicinity (Grant County)
Listed in National Register Oct 15, 1966

National Historic Landmark, 12/19/1960

Architect: Not listed
Area of Significance: conservation area; road-related

Located on the Cimarron River, the Lower Cimarron Spring was a stopping place along the Desert Route of the Santa Fe Trail. Used primarily prior to the Mexican War, the spring was the first offering of water during the dry season on the 60-mile stretch of the Cimarron Cut-off Route of the Trail. The Spring was located on the worst and most dangerous stretch of the journey to Santa Fe. The site was nominated for its association with the mid-nineteenth century expansion of settlement. From 1821 until 1880 the Santa Fe Trail figured prominently in the history of the American West. The route of this trail between the Missouri River and the Rio Grande was a highway for travel and communication between these two areas of North America. It was the first great Euro-American land trade route, and it differed from the Oregon, California, Mormon, and other trails which served as highways for emigrants bound for new homes in the far West. The bulk of traffic along the Santa Fe Trail, especially prior to 1848, consisted of civilian traders - Hispanic and American - with some military traffic and few emigrants. The amended NHL nomination was approved by the National Park Service on August 6, 1998. The amended National Register nomination was approved on September 25, 2013.

Santa Fe Trail - Grant County Segment 1 (Klein's Ruts)

Picture of property Address Restricted
Ulysses (Grant County)
Listed in National Register Jul 17, 2013

Architect: N/A
Area of Significance: transportation
Thematic Nomination: Historic Resources of the Santa Fe Trail (Amended 2013)

The Santa Fe Trail - Grant County Segment 1, also known as Klein's Ruts, is located in Grant County, in southwest Kansas. This segment is part of an approximately 40-mile branch of the Cimarron Route that was located entirely within the waterless area known as La Jornada and connected the Mountain Route at the Upper Crossing of the Arkansas River near Lakin, Kansas with the Cimarron Route. Relatively little is known about this branch between the two rivers, but the first known use of the Upper Crossing in relation to the trail was during a survey expedition led by George Sibley in 1825 (though he did not survey this site). The nominated property includes several visible trail swales where at least 20 shallow ruts converge to form four main arterial ruts. It was nominated for its significance in the areas of transportation and commerce, and it has the potential to yield additional important information about this 40-mile branch road between the Arkansas and Cimarron Rivers in Kansas.

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