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National and State Registers of Historic Places

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County: Sheridan
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Pratt (John Fenton) Ranch

Picture of property west of Studley on US24
Studley (Sheridan County)
Listed in National Register Apr 28, 1983

Architect: Not listed
Area of Significance: animal facility; storage
Architectural Style(s): Queen Anne

The John Fenton Pratt Ranch (also known as the Cottonwood Ranch State Historic Site) began with a few acres and a sod-roof house in 1880. By 1900, the ranch consisted of a house, outbuildings, pastureland, and an active spring. The significant buildings were constructed of locally quarried limestone and built by John Fenton Pratt, a native of Yorkshire, England. The house is a one-story, U-shaped, and gabled roof structure. The main section of the house was built first with the wings having been constructed in two stages. The ranch, which includes significant outbuildings, was primarily for raising sheep. Owned by the Pratt family until the 1980s, the State of Kansas acquired the site in 1982 with the Kansas Historical Society administering the ranch as a living history museum. It was nominated for its association with the settlement of western Kansas and for its architecture.

Shafer Barn

Picture of property County Road 50S, 1/2 mile West of Country Road 80E
Hoxie (Sheridan County)
Listed in National Register Apr 8, 2009

Architect: unknown
Area of Significance: agricultural outbuilding; animal facility
Architectural Style(s): Other
Thematic Nomination: Historic Agriculture Related Resources of Kansas

The 1920 Shafer Barn (ca. 1920) is nominated to the National Register for its architectural and agricultural history. The 2-1/2-story frame building was designed with a center aisle to accommodate both horses and dairy cattle. Hay for the animals was brought into this central area through its distinguishing hay hood and hay door. A unique aspect of the barn is that it appears to have been designed to accommodate barn dances. The original design included a ladies toilet and smoking room on the first floor and a raised platform/stage in the haymow.

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